Hypovolemic shock

Occurs due to decreased ciculation of fluid volume such as blood and blood products. Categorized into two types with various causes; hemorrhagic or non hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock.

Hemorrhagic is due to loss of blood volume through bleeding.

Non hemorrhagic is often due to major burns; gastrointestinal losses: vomiting, fistulas; urinary losses: diabetes, diabetes insipidus; evaporative losses with fever, abdominal surgery

Reference: Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, the Chinese University of Hong Kong Last update July 2015

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