The patient’s daily weights should be recorded as a basic nutritional assessment. The typical critical care patient’s energy needs are approximately 25kcal per kg per day.
Hypokalemia is generally defined as a serum potassium level of less than 3.5 mEq/L (3.5 mmol/L). Moderate hypokalemia is a serum level of 2.5-3.0 mEq/L, and severe hypokalemia is a level of less than 2.5 mEq/L.
Gitelman syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and low blood pressure.
Lower than normal plasma pH (below 7.4) due to increased hydrogen ion concentration.